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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 25-27

Prevalence of symptomatic cervical spondylosis in a Nigerian tertiary health institution

Department of Medical Rehabilitation, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi Campus, Nnewi, Anambra, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Ngozi Iheukwumere
Department of Medical Rehabilitation, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, PMB 5001, Nnewi Campus, Nnewi, Anambra
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DOI: 10.4103/1119-0388.130178

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Background: Cervical spondylosis (CS) is the most common disorder of the cervical spine with its associated neck pain reported as a very common problem in clinical practice. There seemed to be a dearth of research on the prevalence of symptomatic CS in a physiotherapy clinic in Nigeria. Objective: To determine a 5-year prevalence of CS in a tertiary physiotherapy outpatient clinic in southeastern Nigeria. Materials and Methods: This was a 5-year retrospective survey, from 1 st January 2006 to 31 st December 2010. Information was got from the participants' case notes, and only those who were diagnosed as having symptomatic CS without any associated disorders were recruited for the study. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics of frequency counts, percentages, and range. Result: Fifty (5.4%) participants presented to the clinic with symptomatic CS during the 5-year period. Their age ranged from 30 to 70 years. Twenty-seven (54%) of the participants were males; 30 (60%) were urban dwellers as well as civil servants; 20 (40%) were rural dwellers; 11 (22%) of the rural dwellers were farmers; whereas, the rest (9 (18%)) were traders. Conclusion: The prevalence of CS in the physiotherapy outpatient clinic was fairly low. Civil servants had 100% affectation. There was relatively poor turnout of the rural dwellers to the hospital. Thus, there seems to be a need to educate civil servants on ergonomically good working techniques. There may also be a need to enlighten the entire population (especially the rural dwellers) on health matters in order to help them make preinformed decision on health issues.

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