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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 68-73

Intrauterine contraceptive device acceptors in Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Southeastern Nigeria - A 5-year review

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Anambra, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
C I Okafor
PO Box 2866, Nnewi, Anambra
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DOI: 10.4103/1119-0388.158397

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Background: Unsafe abortions of unintended pregnancies contribute significantly to maternal deaths in Nigeria. The intrauterine device (IUD) is a widely used method of contraception. Objectives: This study aimed to determine the contraceptive prevalence at this center, the proportion of the acceptors adopting the IUD method, and the sociodemographic characteristics and other parameters among the IUD clients. Findings from this study and the analysis of similar studies elsewhere will help improve contraceptive services, especially counseling and acceptance. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study of the period January 2004-Dec. 2008. The family planning register was used to trace the case records of the clients who had accepted IUDs over the 5-year period. Labor ward registers were used to calculate the number of deliveries over the same period. EPI Info Version 6 (2002) for Windows was used to analyze the data. Chi-squared tests were used and differences were considered significant if P < 0.05. Results: The total number of deliveries at our center in the studied period was 2,791, while the total number of contraceptive clients (for all methods) was 607, giving a contraceptive prevalence rate of 21.75%. IUD was the most accepted method, used by 344 (56.67%) women, followed by injectable progestogens, used by 172 (28.34%).  Among IUD acceptors, most were multiparous women (para 2-5), numbering 168 (50.91%); most were in the age group of 26-30 years 100 (30.30%); male sterilization was not done at all (0%). Conclusion: IUD is a preferred contraceptive option among our women; however, the prevalence rate of modern contraceptive use at our center is still unacceptably low. More aggressive health education using the mass media, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), religious and community leaders, and easy access to the  commodities are required to reverse the trend.

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