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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 42-46

Cervical cancer screening: Awareness, attitude, and practice of Indian women


Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Indira Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Sujindra Elamurugan
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Indira Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Puducherry
India
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DOI: 10.4103/1119-0388.172062

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Background: Cervical cancer is the most common cause of cancer-related deaths among women worldwide. It becomes a deadly disease once it reaches the invasive stages but is very much preventable if detected in its early stages. Cervical cancer screening using Papanicolaou (Pap) test prevents the development of cervical cancer by recognizing the precancerous state. Aims and Objectives: To determine the awareness and attitude and practice of Indian women toward screening for cervical cancer. Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional survey with pretested questionnaires on 200 women belonging to two categories comprising 100 high school teachers and 100 housewives. The questionnaire comprised 15 questions. Four questions were framed to gather the sociodemographic details and the remaining 11 were pertaining to knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP). The results were tabulated as simple mean and percentage. KAP score was calculated by selecting seven questions from the questionnaire. Scores “1” and “0” were given for positive and negative responses, respectively. Results and Conclusion: Mean age of the teachers was 38.2 ± 13.2 years and of the housewives 40.38 ± 12.2 years. All the teachers had heard about cervical cancer, 98% about the availability of some screening method for cervical cancer, and 79% about Pap smear. Among the housewives, 72% knew about cervical cancer, 70% about the availability of screening methods, and 38% had heard about Pap smear. The practice of cervical cancer screening methods was not adequate among teachers and housewives. However, their knowledge and attitude were welcoming.


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