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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 64-67

Waardenburg syndrome type 1 in a Hausa/Fulani child: Implications for genetic counseling

1 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Bayero University, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Kano State, Nigeria
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Bayero University, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Kano State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Abdulazeez O Ahmed
PO Box - 14529, Main Post Office, Kano, Kano State
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DOI: 10.4103/1119-0388.172069

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Waardenburg syndrome (WS) is associated with hearing loss and is an autosomal inherited disorder with genetic heterogeneity. WS types 1 and 2 depict a high degree of inter- and intrafamilial variabilities, with type 1 being less common than type 2. In Northern Nigeria, due to cultural and religious inclinations, consanguineous marriages are quite common; thus, inheritable genes are easily passed on from one generation to the next. Following the paucity of reports of this syndrome in Northern Nigeria and its rarity worldwide, we report this case of WS type 1 with familial variability from a consanguineous marriage. We posit that with the availability of genetic counseling, it is possible to avoid the risk of passing on the Waardenburg gene to an unborn child and help to avoid untold hardship and societal stigma to both the child and the parent.

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