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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 175-179

Epidemiological profile of injuries due to fall reporting to a tertiary care centre in a rural area of Northern India


1 Department of Orthopaedics, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, Tanda, Himachal Pradesh, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, Tanda, Himachal Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Sunil Kumar Raina
Department of Community Medicine, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, Tanda, Himachal Pradesh
India
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DOI: 10.4103/tjmr.tjmr_43_16

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Background: Fall is an important contributor to injury and studies conducted over a period of time have established reliable estimates of the incidence of fall-related injury. The current study was aimed at identifying the epidemiological profile of injuries due to fall. Materials and Methods: A hospital-based descriptive study was conducted for a period of 1 year starting June 2014. The study population comprised all consecutive cases of injuries due to fall reporting to the Department of Orthopedics during the study except for those who denied consent to be included in the study. Results: Males and age group 26–45 (n = 222/795, 27.9%) are more prone to injuries due to fall. It is seen that out of 795 cases, most of the participants were students (n = 219/795, 27.5%). The common mode of injuries is fall from stairs 16 (13.2%). It is seen that population educated up to middle standard (n = 155/795, 19.5%) or primary level educated (n = 145/795, 18.2%) had higher incidence of fall events. It is observed that fall occurring outside home (n = 535/795, 67.3%) are higher than fall at home (n = 240/795, 30.2%). Conclusions: Falls are an important contributor to injury affecting the productive and otherwise healthy age group of 15–45 years in majority.


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